1) Examination of the Property
The physical examination of a property is performed by an appraiser. These types of visits are usually brief if the house is in good condition. Other factors that contribute to the lengthiness of the appraisal are the Gross Living Area (GLA) and the design of the home. A home with a large living area will take longer than those examinations for smaller homes. Also homes that are designed a bit more complex will lead to longer examinations. A typical home appraisal takes about 30 minutes to complete and are required by the lender who is completing the loan.
2) Selecting Comparables
This part of an appraisal is when the appraiser chooses a nearby house that closely resembles your home and has closed within the last 6 months. Most appraisals require at least 3 closed comparables, 2 of which have closed within 6 months and another that has closed within 12. No comparables will be taken into consideration if it has closed 12 or more months prior to the appraisal. Some lenders are now requiring comparables that are pending or still active to be included. The comparable is usually within a 1 mile radius of the location of your home but the proximity of the comparable differs between suburban and rural neighborhoods. Suburban homes tend to require a comparable that is no more than 1 mile away while homes located in a rural type of neighborhood can be as far apart as 5 miles. The appraiser will choose the most appropriate one and include it in the Appraisal Report.
3) Completing the Appraisal Report
After the examination of the property and choosing the best comparable sales available, the appraiser can now begin to compile the Appraisal Report. The appraiser evaluates all information that is entered into the report so that they can determine an accurate Market Value of your home. This report is usually handed back to the client after seven to ten business days of the appraisal.
These three main categories are what complete an appraisal report when trying to sell your home. Though they may vary somewhat throughout real estate, this is typically how an appraisal is performed. Next time you are looking to sell your home keep these topics in mind so that you are aware of what the appraiser is looking for.